Independent Publisher Zhanneta Kozina
Our journals are committed to a high standard of editorial ethics.
- Editorial board is used the principles of ethics of scientific publications upon recommendations of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, Committee of Publication Ethics.
- Human ethics, informed consent. Editorial board endorse the principles embodied in the Helsinki Declaration and expect that all research involving the humans has been performed in accordance with these principles. All human studies must receive an approval by the researchers of Institutional Review Board. A copy of the relevant documentation should be attached to the manuscript. All investigations on human subjects must include a statement that the subject gave informed consent:
— WHO ERC Informed consent;
— WHO ERC Informed parental consent for research involving children.
- Conflicts of interests of persons who have direct or indirect relation to the publication of the manuscript or any information that the manuscript consist of are settled according to the recommendations of COPE, ICMJE (Download form). Authors are also required to disclose any potential conflict of interest (Conflict of interest declaration and author agreement form)
According to the requirements of our journal, when submitting a manuscript, the contribution of individual authors to the preparation of the article must be reported. The contribution of each author is declared according to the following scheme: A — Study design; B — Data collection; C — Statistical analysis; D — Manuscript preparation; E — Fundraising Claimed contributions of authors are also published in the publishing agreement. The primary responsibility for disclosing full information rests with the submitting author. Any cases of duplicate posting, plagiarism, fabricated data, guest authorship, etc. are an indicator of scientific dishonesty. If such cases are identified, the information will be submitted to the relevant institutions (institutions and place of work of the author, scientific societies, scientific associations, editors, etc.).
The editorial board should receive information about the sources of funding for the article, financial contributions of research institutes, scientific associations and other sources.
By submitting an article for publication, the author (s) thereby:
1. Agrees to license it under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0);
2. Agrees with the principles of ethics of scientific publications upon recommendations of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, COPE.
1.1. The qualitative basis of science is its information content, reliability, clarity and efficiency. Therefore, readers should have the assurance that authors of publications present their work in a clear, reliable and honest manner. The proof of the ethical attitude of a researcher and high editorial standards is the openness of information about all participants in the preparation of the article. It is also an indicator of good practice and social responsibility. Publishing materials in a peer-reviewed journal is not only an easy way of scientific communication, but also makes a significant contribution to the development of the relevant field of scientific knowledge. Thus, it is important to establish standards for the future ethical behavior of all parties involved in the publication, namely: Authors, Journal Editors, Reviewers, Publishers and the Scientific Society for the journal.
1.2. The publisher not only supports scientific communication, but is also responsible for adhering to all current guidelines in the published work.
1.3. The publisher is committed to the strictest supervision of scientific materials. The programs of our journal provide an impartial «report» of the development of scientific thought and research, therefore we also recognize the responsibility for the proper presentation of these «reports», especially in terms of the ethical aspects of the publications set out in this document.
- Duties of Editors
2.1. Decision to publish
Editors are responsible for deciding which articles are accepted for publication. Editors act in a balanced, objective and fair manner in carrying out their expected responsibilities without discrimination based on gender, sexual orientation, religious or political beliefs, ethnic or geographic origin of the authors. The publisher and editors are always ready to publish corrections, clarifications, reviews and apologies if there is a legal need to do so. In a situation where there is a suspicion that an inappropriate research procedure described in the work submitted by the authors has taken place, the authors are obliged by the editors — if it is not already submitted — to provide information on the approval of the described research procedure to a duly established ethics committee for conducting clinical trials.
The editor of a scientific journal is personally and independently responsible for deciding on publication, often in collaboration with the relevant Scientific Society. The credibility of the work in question and its scientific relevance should always underlie the decision to publish. The editor may be guided by the policy of the Editorial Board of the journal, being limited by the current legal requirements in relation to defamation, copyright, legality and plagiarism.
The Editor may consult with other Editors and Reviewers (or officials of the Scientific Society) when deciding on publication.
The editorial board and editor should evaluate the intellectual content of manuscripts regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, origin, citizenship, or political preference of the Authors.
The editor and the Editorial Board of the journal do not have the right to disclose unnecessarily information about the accepted manuscript to other persons, with the exception of Authors, Reviewers, possible Reviewers, other scientific consultants and the Publisher.
2.4. Disclosure Policy and Conflicts of Interest
2.4.1 No one can use unpublished data obtained from submitted manuscripts for personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas obtained during the review and associated with possible benefits must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.
2.4.2 Conflicts of interest arise from competitive, collaborative and other interactions and relationships with Authors, companies and possibly other organizations associated with the manuscript. In the event of a conflict of interest, Editors should recuse themselves from consideration of manuscripts. request a Co-Editor, Assistant Editor, or collaborate with other members of the Editorial Board when reviewing the work instead of personally reviewing and making a decision).
2.5. Control of publications
An editor who has provided convincing evidence that statements or conclusions presented in a publication are erroneous should inform the Publisher (and / or the relevant Scientific Society) about it in order to promptly notify the changes, withdraw the publication, raise concerns and other relevant statements. …
2.6. Engagement and collaboration in research
In the event of ethical claims regarding the reviewed manuscripts or published materials, the Editor, together with the Publisher (or the Scientific Society), will take adequate retaliatory measures. Such measures, in general terms, include interaction with the Authors of the manuscript and the reasoning of the corresponding complaint or request. These measures also imply interaction with relevant organizations and research centers.
- Responsibilities of Reviewers
3.1. Influencing the decisions of the Editorial Board
Peer review is at the core of the scientific approach. Also, peer review is a necessary link in formal scientific communication. The peer review helps the Editor make a publication decision. In addition, peer review can help the Author to improve the quality of the work. The publisher shares the view that all scholars who wish to contribute to publication are required to do substantial work of reviewing the manuscript.
Articles are selected for publication in a double-blind selection system and published in the open access system. The reviewer carries out reviewing in the electronic system based on the questions prepared for a specific title. The reviewer can also submit separate comments for publication in the content of the article.
All judgments and conclusions during the review process must be objective. Reviewers should not have a conflict of interest (they make a statement before proceeding to review). Reviewers — if there is a legitimate need — should point to relevant published work that is not yet cited, and the articles they have reviewed should be treated confidentially prior to publication.
If the selected Reviewer feels insufficiently qualified to review the manuscript or does not have enough time to quickly complete the work, he must notify The editor of the journal and ask him to exclude him from the review process of the corresponding manuscript.
Any manuscript received for review should be treated as a confidential document. This work cannot be opened and discussed with anyone who does not have the authority to do so from the Editor.
3.4. Manuscript requirements and objectivity
The reviewer is obliged to give an objective assessment. Personal criticism of the Author is unacceptable. Reviewers should clearly and reasonably express their opinions.
3.5. Recognition of primary sources
Reviewers should identify significant published works that are relevant to the topic and are not included in the bibliography of the manuscript. Any statement (observation, conclusion or argument), published earlier, in the manuscript must have a corresponding bibliographic reference. The Reviewer should also draw the Editor’s attention to any significant similarity or overlap between the manuscript in question and any other published work within the scope of the Reviewer’s scientific competence.
3.6. Disclosure Policy and Conflicts of Interest
3.6.1 Unpublished data obtained from submitted manuscripts cannot be used in personal research without the written consent of the Author. Information or ideas obtained during the review and associated with possible benefits must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain.
3.6.2. Reviewers should not participate in the review of manuscripts in the event of conflicts of interest due to competitive, joint and other interactions and relationships with any of the Authors, companies or other organizations associated with the submitted work.
- Obligations of Authors
4.1. Requirements for manuscripts
4.1.1 Authors of the original research article should provide reliable results of the work done as well as an objective discussion of the significance of the research. The data underlying the work must be presented accurately. The work must contain sufficient details and bibliographic references for possible reproduction. False or knowingly false statements are perceived as unethical behavior and unacceptable.
The author (s) is obliged to prepare and submit an article in accordance with the requirements set forth in the editorial office of the journal. In addition, the Author (s) is obliged to provide an editorial supplemented by a statement that will include: a statement of the originality of the article content (the work has not yet been published anywhere), the integrity of the copyright of others, the absence of a conflict of interest or its statement, as well as a higher permission for publication of the article in the journal. Authors are required to participate in the peer review process. The author (s) are obliged to provide refutation or correction of errors, as well as provide a list of references.
The author (s) are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that may affect their work.
Authors can withdraw the article at any time before the article is accepted for publication by sending an application in the electronic system of the Editorial system.
4.1.2. Reviews and research articles must also be accurate and objective, and the editorial point of view must be clearly stated.
4.2. Data access and storage
Authors may be requested to provide raw data relevant to the manuscript for review by Editors. Authors should be prepared to provide open access to this kind of information (according to ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases chrome-extension: //efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/viewer.html? Pdfurl = https% 3A% 2F% 2Fwww.stm-assocment.org% 2F2008_State03_01 .pdf & clen = 36153), if feasible, and in any case be prepared to retain this data for an adequate period of time after publication.
4.3. Originality and plagiarism
4.3.1 The editors consider it unacceptable for the presence of plagiarism in the articles. The magazine believes that it is unfair and dishonest to use the ideas and works of others without proper citation. Copying at least one sentence from someone else’s publication and also from your own previously published works without proper citation is considered plagiarism even if you use your own words instead of the original ones. The editors reserve the absolute right to reject the review process of the submitted manuscript if it contains small or significant borrowings from other publications without proper citation and may cancel publication on a plagiarism complaint. When considering cases of possible violations, the journal is guided by patterns of behavior developed by COPE. The journal keeps documents on all cases of scientific bad faith, in particular on violation of ethical principles in science.
Authors must submit completely original work. Therefore, in the case of using the works or statements of other Authors, it is necessary to provide the corresponding bibliographic references or extracts.
4.3.2 Plagiarism can take many forms. This can be the presentation of someone else’s work as the author’s, copying or paraphrasing significant parts of someone else’s work (without attribution), a statement of one’s own rights to the results of other people’s research. Plagiarism in all its forms is unethical and unacceptable.
4.4. Plurality, redundancy and simultaneity of publications
4.4.1 An author must not publish a manuscript devoted to the same research in more than one journal as an original publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is perceived as unethical behavior and unacceptable.
4.4.2. The author should not submit a previously published article for consideration to another journal.
4.4.3. Publishing a particular type of article (eg clinical practice guidelines, translated articles) in more than one journal is ethical in some cases, provided certain conditions are met. Authors and Editors of interested journals must agree to a secondary publication that necessarily presents the same data and interpretations as in the originally published work.
A bibliography of the primary work should be presented in the second publication as well. For more information on acceptable forms of secondary (republishing) publications, see International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.
4.5. Recognition of primary sources
The contributions of others should always be recognized. Authors should cite publications that are relevant to the performance of the work presented. Data obtained privately, for example, during conversation, correspondence or in the course of discussion with third parties, should not be used or presented without the explicit written permission of the original source. Information obtained from confidential sources, such as evaluating manuscripts or granting grants, should not be used without the express written permission of Authors of confidential work.
4.6. Authorship of the publication
4.6.1 The authors of the publication can only be persons who have made a significant contribution to the formation of the concept of the work, development, execution or interpretation of the presented research. All those who have made significant contributions should be designated as Contributors. In cases where research participants have made a significant contribution in a particular direction in a research project, they should be listed as persons who have made a significant contribution to this research.
4.6.2. The author must ensure that all participants who have made significant contributions to the research are represented as Co-Authors. Also, the author must make sure that those who did not participate in the study are not listed as Coauthors, as well as that all Coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the work and agreed to submit it for publication.
4.7. Risks, as well as people and animals that are the objects of research
4.7.1 The author must clearly indicate in the manuscript the fact if the work involves the use of chemical products, procedures or equipment, during the operation of which any unusual risk is possible.
4.7.2 If the work involves the participation of animals or people as objects of research, Authors should make sure that the manuscript indicates that all stages of the research are in accordance with the laws and regulations of the research organizations, as well as approved by the relevant committees. The manuscript must clearly indicate that informed consent has been obtained from all subjects of research. You must always ensure that your privacy rights are respected.
4.8. Disclosure Policy and Conflicts of Interest
4.8.1 All Authors are required to disclose in their manuscripts financial or other existing conflicts of interest that may be perceived to have influenced the results or conclusions presented in the work.
4.8.2 Examples of potential conflicts of interest that must be disclosed include employment, consulting, shareholding, royalties, expert advice, patent application or patent registrations, grants, and other financial support. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed as early as possible.
4.9. Substantial errors in published works
If the Author discovers significant errors or inaccuracies in the publication, the Author must inform the Journal Editor and interact with the Editor in order to promptly withdraw the publication or correct errors. If the Editor or Publisher receives information from a third party that the publication contains material errors, the Author is obliged to remove the work or correct errors as soon as possible.
- Obligations of the Publisher
5.1 The publisher must follow principles and procedures to facilitate the conduct of ethical responsibilities by Editors, Reviewers and Authors of the journal in accordance with these requirements. The publisher must be confident that potential revenue from advertising or reprints does not affect Editors’ decisions.
5.2. The publisher should support the Journal Editors in addressing ethical complaints about the published material and help to interact with other journals and / or Publishers if this contributes to the performance of the Editors’ duties.
5.3. The publisher should promote good research practice and implement industry standards to improve ethical guidelines, retirement procedures and error correction.
5.4 The publisher should provide appropriate specialized legal support (opinion or advice) if necessary.
Retraction. Post revocation.
In rare cases, when scientific information in an article is significantly undermined, it may be necessary to make appropriate notices in already published articles. The magazine will follow COPE policy in such cases. The article that has undergone the retraction procedure remains indexed and will be linked to the original article.
The journal provides free, immediate and permanent online access to the full text of all articles.
All Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of a Creative Creative Commons Attribution License. Journal document all incidents of scientific dishonesty especially of violation of ethical principles followed in science.
Drawing up the items of the publication ethics policy of the journal Editors followed the recommendations of:
— Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (download PDF); RETRACTION GUIDELINES — COPE);
— International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) (more… Conflicts of Interest), (more… Recommendations), (more… Defining the Role of Authors and Contributors).